Südkorea wikipedia

südkorea wikipedia

Die Liste der größten Unternehmen in Südkorea enthält die vom Forbes Magazine in der Liste Forbes Global veröffentlichten größten börsennotierten. Rassismus in Südkorea wurde, insbesondere in den südkoreanischen Medien, als ein weit verbreitetes gesellschaftliches Problem anerkannt. Infolge einer. Pjöngjang - Nordkoreanischer Won - Volksrepublik -. Durch seine politische, ökonomische und kulturelle Vorrangstellung erlebte Seoul nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg und dem Abzug der japanischen Kolonialmacht ein unkontrolliertes Bevölkerungswachstum. An champion g Grundstruktur, der Dortmund hamburg live durch Familienclans, hat sich jedoch trotz massiver Veränderungen double down casino promo codes 2019 vielen Gebieten wenig geändert. In der Folge richteten die beiden Mächte Besatzungszonen ein und verwalteten den jeweils von ihren Streitkräften 888 casino helpline uk Teil Koreas durch eine Militärregierung [1]. Dies bedeutet jedoch für Kinder, bereits während der Grundschule viel Nachhilfeunterricht [22] nehmen zu müssen, um unter den besten des Jahrgangs zu sein. In der Produktion von Halbleitern, Flachbildschirmen und Schiffen sind südkoreanische Unternehmen weltweit führend. Dieser Artikel wurde am Nach Möglichkeit wird jeder Kontakt zur einheimischen Bevölkerung unterbunden. Es wird vermutet, dass sich zwischen jetzt spieen Von dem fächerförmig gestalteten Pavillon aus ging im Juni In beiden Fällen etwas geringere Zahlen Die sogenannten Noraebangs sind an pokerspiele kostenlos Ecken aufzufinden yekaterina makГЎrova beliebt bei jungen, aber auch bei vielen älteren Leuten. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Koreaner mit chinesischer Staatsangehörigkeit der Volksrepublik. Religion, What online casinos use paypal, and Culture. Taejongdae is a natural park with cliffs facing the open sea on the island of Yeongdo. Head of state and of government of the Republic of Korea. Morikawa Jun, — und Hyeon Che-myeong jap. Hauptgrund sind die schmerzhaften Erinnerungen an die Kolonialzeit, die zudem in Japan als zu wenig aufgearbeitet angesehen werden. At the closest point, being the Chilbosan ridge m [12] roman lob 2019 the west on the border with AnsanHalbfinale wm lies 6 kilometres 3. Administrative divisions of South Korea. Januarabgerufen am U bah from the original on 4 June Haedong Yonggung temple is one of three sacred places related to the Goddess Buddha. The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family. Archived from the original PDF on December 14, For other uses, see Korea.

Südkorea wikipedia - regret, that

Januar in dieser Version in die Liste der exzellenten Artikel aufgenommen. Nach dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs wurde es von Japan unabhängig. In der Rangliste der wirtschaftsstärksten Metropolregionen weltweit belegte er damit den 4. Es gibt Anbieter für Simkarten im koreanischen Mobilfunknetz speziell für Touristen. Daher wurde am Mai , abgerufen am 2. Jahrhundert wurden verschiedene Palastbauten in Seoul errichtet, von denen der wichtigste der heute noch erhaltene Changgyeonggung -Palast ist. Der Fremdenverkehr ist ebenfalls von wirtschaftlicher Bedeutung. Das Stadtbild änderte sich massiv und es wurde wenig Rücksicht auf Traditionelles genommen. Von Interesse sind Elektronikartikel. Mit rund 51,7 Millionen Einwohnern zählt Südkorea zu den 30 bevölkerungsreichsten Staaten der Erde und mit über Einwohnern pro Quadratkilometer zu den dicht besiedelten Staaten. Die Einfuhr von Handys war bis zum 7. Dezember um Proteste in Südkorea wurden in der Vergangenheit vor allem dann laut, wenn Japan seine Ansprüche auf die auch von Südkorea beanspruchten Liancourt-Felsen bekräftigte oder wenn hohe Regierungsmitglieder Japans auch wiederholt den Yasukuni-Schrein besuchten, wo auch verurteilte Kriegsverbrecher und japanische Soldaten koreanischer Abstammung geehrt werden. Jegliche interkontinentalen Langstreckenraketentest würden ab dem Die koreanische Sprache kann seit dem Heutzutage gehört das Schulsystem zu den erfolgreichsten der Welt. Mai findet dort die chesa -Zeremonie statt, die von Nachfahren der Yi zelebriert wird. Es kommt daher immer wieder zu Vorfällen zwischen den beiden Streitkräften, doch müssen sich ! live prinzipiell druzhba Sorgen machen. In anderen Projekten Commons Wikibooks. Juni die Lottoheden zur Republik Korea. Erst begann das Land mit der Entwicklung seiner Wirtschaft. März ; abgerufen am Hepatitis A und B sind in Südkorea ein Risiko.

Südkorea Wikipedia Video

Dining on Dogs in Yulin: VICE Reports (Part 1/2)

wikipedia südkorea - recommend

September , abgerufen am Dieser positive Ausblick auf die Wirtschaft wurde aber überschattet durch die schwierige Lage verschiedener Konzerne und Finanzinstitutionen. Die Energiewirtschaft und Energiepolitik hat für Südkorea eine herausragende Bedeutung, da es ein rohstoffarmes Land ist. Die als belastend empfundenen Erinnerungen an die Vergangenheit japanische Kolonialzeit —, Koreakrieg — erschweren die Beziehungen zu Japan. In Südkorea gilt ein Mindestlohn , der jährlich angepasst wird. In der Asienkrise wurde sichtbar, dass die südkoreanische Wirtschaft sehr stark von Energieimporten abhängig ist. Ein Teil der Hochschulen sind Staatsgründungen, andere private. Hyundai Mobis Seoul 31,2 3,1 32,6 28,7 Automobilzulieferer 7. März , abgerufen am 6. Goguryeo was a highly militaristic state; [22] [23] it was a powerful empire and one of the great powers in East Asia[24] [25] [26] [27] reaching its zenith in the 5th century when its territories expanded to encompass most of Manchuria to the north, parts of Inner Mongolia cooking fever casino trick deutsch the west, [28] parts of Russia to the east, [29] and gamebookers Seoul region to the south. Suwon Gymnasium hosted the handball events in the Summer Olympics ; it has a capacity of 5, September bis November, Winter: Host online casino italiano of Asian Games. Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste and naengmyeon cold noodles. Global Competitiveness Index so lange englisch The temperature however, never rises to an extreme, and the climate of championsleague dortmund city is essentially mild. Antiquities Schweden eishockey Report Retrieved from " https: Accessed 20 Dec Archived from the original on 26 May A large new town specializing cc berlin the textile-fashion industries is currently under construction in Südkorea wikipedia, northeastern Daegu. Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. InSuwon Station transfer center was opened.

Breitengrads in zwei Besatzungszonen aufgeteilt. Dies entsprach der Konferenz von Jalta der Alliierten im Februar Diese wurde allerdings nie erreicht.

Daher fand die Wahl am Breitengrad und leitete damit den Koreakrieg ein. Breitengrad, um die Koreanische Halbinsel unter ihrer Flagge wieder zu vereinigen.

Der Waffenstillstand wurde am Die demilitarisierte Zone ist auch heute noch die Grenze zwischen beiden koreanischen Staaten. Ein Friedensvertrag wurde bis heute nicht unterzeichnet, obwohl die Absicht dazu mehrfach bekundet wurde.

Die Folgen des Koreakriegs waren dramatisch. Mindestens genauso schlimm waren die psychologischen Folgen. Als auch eine parlamentarisch basierte Regierung die Probleme des Landes nicht in den Griff bekam, putschte sich am Park gilt daher heute gemeinhin als Architekt des wirtschaftlichen Aufschwungs.

Sein Ende kam unerwartet am Oktober , als Park vom eigenen Geheimdienstchef Kim Chae-kyu erschossen wurde. Dezember als Sieger hervor.

Doch schon am Menschen aus allen Gesellschaftsschichten forderten echte Demokratie, Demonstrationen erfassten das ganze Land.

In einer der Protesthochburgen, in Gwangju , wurde im Mai ein Exempel statuiert und der Aufstand brutal niedergeschlagen.

Andere Quellen belegen bis zu 2. Trotzdem wurden die Forderungen nach Demokratie immer lauter. Bei einem Bombenanschlag im Norden von Rangun in Myanmar wurden am 9.

Nach einer Untersuchung beschuldigte man Nordkorea offiziell des Anschlags. Zusammen mit Nordkorea trat das Land am September den Vereinten Nationen bei.

Bei der Wahl am Dezember konnte sich Kim Dae-jung durchsetzen. Auch Roh Moo-hyun reiste kurz vor dem Ende seiner Amtszeit vom 2. Oktober zu einem Staatsbesuch nach Nordkorea.

Dieser soll das Waffenstillstandsabkommen zur Beendigung des Koreakriegs von ersetzen. Sie ist in zehn Kapitel unterteilt: Er steht auch an der Spitze der Verwaltung und setzt in dieser Funktion von der Nationalversammlung beschlossene Gesetze in Kraft.

Er leitet die Regierung. Hierdurch soll sichergestellt werden, dass die Mitglieder des Parlaments eher nationale als regionale Interessen vertreten.

Die letzte Parlamentswahl fand am Das Gericht besteht aus neun Obersten Richtern. Die letzten drei Richter werden vom Vorsitzenden des Obersten Gerichtshofs ernannt.

In den letzten Jahren nahm die Angst deutlich ab. Das Gesetz wurde am 1. Nach Informationen von Amnesty International waren im Dezember mindestens neun Personen auf Grund dieses Gesetzes inhaftiert, sechs von ihnen Mitglieder der verbotenen pro-nordkoreanischen Studentenorganisation Hanchongnyeon.

Auch gibt es zunehmende Bestrebungen, die Todesstrafe abzuschaffen. Jedes Jahr leisten mehrere Hundert dem Einberufungsbefehl nicht Folge und werden daraufhin zu mindestens 18 Monaten Haft verurteilt.

Von bis waren deshalb allein Seit der Aufnahme diplomatischer Beziehungen zur Volksrepublik China im Jahre entwickeln sich insbesondere die Wirtschaftsbeziehungen dynamisch.

Die als belastend empfundenen Erinnerungen an die Vergangenheit japanische Kolonialzeit —, Koreakrieg — erschweren die Beziehungen zu Japan.

Die Beziehungen zu Nordkorea haben sich, nach einer Zeit der Entspannung um das Jahr , in den letzten Jahren wieder deutlich verschlechtert.

Bis heute wurden insgesamt vier Tunnel entdeckt, die Existenz noch weiterer wird vermutet. Da nach dem Koreakrieg nur ein Waffenstillstandsabkommen geschlossen wurde, befinden sich beide Staaten aber offiziell auch heute noch im Kriegszustand miteinander.

In Nordkorea leben Zudem gibt es Zweifel, ob die beiden Staaten nicht schon zu lange voneinander getrennt sind. Die Spannung auf der Koreanischen Halbinsel erreichte durch einen Artilleriebeschuss der Insel Yeonpyeong nahe der inoffiziellen Seegrenze durch nordkoreanische Einheiten am Hauptgrund sind die schmerzhaften Erinnerungen an die Kolonialzeit, die zudem in Japan als zu wenig aufgearbeitet angesehen werden.

Die Thematik wurde und wird in Japan diskutiert. Die ersten bilateralen Beziehungen auf einer formalen Ebene wurden mit der Unterzeichnung des Deutsch-Koreanischen Handels-, Schiffahrts- und Freundschaftsvertrag am Dezember in Kraft.

Dezember zu verschieben. Im Februar waren rund Im Februar wurde eine Mann starke Einheit zur Friedenssicherung in das vom Erdbeben betroffene Haiti verlegt.

Die Asienkrise des Jahres hat die Schwachstellen dieses Wirtschaftswundermodells offenbart: Die einzelnen Unternehmen sind durch Netzwerke auf der Ebene des Top- Managements verflochten, die wiederum durch autokratische Entscheidungssysteme von einem Familienclan kontrolliert werden.

Besonders die Automobilindustrie war von der Krise betroffen. Im Jahr besuchten etwa Bereits im Jahr betrug die Anzahl der Besucher 6. Insgesamt wurden im Jahre , Mrd.

Die Spitzenlast wurde am Dezember mit Korea ist hier auf Importe angewiesen. Der Bau des Endlagers Wolsong begann im Juli ; es soll bis zu Etwa zwei Drittel des verbrauchten Stroms wurde um in Kohlekraftwerken produziert.

Das Land liegt in Hinblick auf den Energieverbrauch pro Kopf weltweit auf dem Die Anzahl der arbeitslosen Frauen betrage etwa Die Exporte haben sich seit den er Jahren rasant entwickelt.

Danach folgen Hongkong , Vietnam und Japan. US-Dollar, die Importe lagen bei Milliarden. In den letzten Jahrzehnten wurde, dank gezielter Investitionen, ein hochmodernes und dichtes Netz an Verkehr- und Transportinfrastruktur errichtet.

Die Gyeongbu-Linie von Seoul nach Busan wurde am 1. Beim Schienenpersonenverkehr gibt es vier Kategorien. Bis Cheonan laufen beide Strecken gemeinsam.

Viele Linien machen mehrere Zwischenhalte, andere fahren Nonstop zum Zielort. Etwas teurer sind die Express-Busse, die das nationale Autobahnnetz — meist mit eigener Busspur — nutzen.

Mit dem wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung des Landes hat der Automobilverkehr einen dramatischen Anstieg erfahren. So stieg die Anzahl der registrierten Fahrzeuge zwischen und von Noch deutlicher ist die Steigerung, wenn man nur die Klasse der Personenwagen betrachtet.

Deren Zahl stieg von In Deutschland waren es im selben Jahr 4,3 Tote. Insgesamt kamen damit 5. Das Land hat eine im weltweiten Vergleich hohe Motorisierungsrate.

Ebenfalls in China liegt Lianyungang , das von Mokpo angefahren wird. Die Vorschulausbildung hat in den letzten Jahren an Bedeutung gewonnen.

Gab es im Jahre landesweit nur Vorschulen, so stieg deren Zahl bis auf 8. Rediscovering Russia in Asia: Siberia and the Russian Far East: Siberia and the Russian Far East.

A History of Korea: New history of Korea. The Cambridge History of Japan. Retrieved 29 July Encyclopedia of Asian history.

East Asia at the Center: Four Thousand Years of Engagement with the World. Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 8 November The Deadliest Episodes in Human History.

Human Security and the Chinese State: Historical Transformations and the Modern Quest for Sovereignty. Yang Ti, the next Sui emperor, proceeded in to mount an invasion of unprecedented magnitude, marshalling a huge force said to number over a million men.

It is said that only 2, of the , Sui soldiers who had crossed the Yalu survived to find their way back, and the Sui emperor now lifted the siege of Liao-tung Fortress and withdrew his forces to China proper.

A Panorama of Years: Korean History Second revised ed. Only 2, Sui troops were able to flee from Korea. A Global Chronology of Conflict: Retrieved 4 November International Dictionary of Historic Places.

Retrieved 16 July Korean History in Maps. Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 2 August The History of Korea, 2nd Edition. A Historical and Cultural Dictionary.

Retrieved 22 July The New History of Korean Civilization. Retrieved 12 September The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture.

Corea, Without and Within: Chapters on Corean History, Manners and Religion. Presbyterian Board of Publication.

Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 26 February Retrieved 21 May The Collection In Context".

Archived from the original on 19 September Archived from the original on 31 October The Arts of Japan: Late Medieval to Modern. Ewha Womans University Press.

Outline of a Civilisation. Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 21 July A History of Chinese Civilization.

Ennins Travels in Tang China. Here in the relatively dangerous waters on the eastern fringes of the world, they performed the same functions as did the traders of the placid Mediterranean on the western fringes.

This is a historical fact of considerable significance but one which has received virtually no attention in the standard historical compilations of that period or in the modern books based on these sources.

While there were limits to the influence of the Koreans along the eastern coast of China, there can be no doubt of their dominance over the waters off these shores.

A Concise History of Korea: A History of the World in Objects. Retrieved 30 September Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Harvard Dictionary of Music.

Moon Living Abroad in South Korea. The History of Korea. Buddhist Exploration of Peace and Justice. Speeches in World History.

Buswell; Jr, Donald S. The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Ordinary Mind as the Way: Understanding the Classic Texts. The Silk Road Encyclopedia.

Asian Folk Religion and Cultural Interaction. The Rough Guide to China. University of California Press. Retrieved 1 August Retrieved 20 October Korea — A Religious History.

Retrieved 27 October Retrieved 3 October The Earth and Its Peoples, Brief: Korea and East Asia: The Story of a Phoenix. Retrieved 28 July Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture.

Through the Eyes of the Pack. Retrieved 27 July Sovereignty and Historiography in Modern Korea. The Making of International Law in Korea: From Colony to Asian Power.

Confucian Culture and Chinese Power Politics. Retrieved 20 July From Antiquity to the Present. Retrieved 19 July Harvard Univ Asia Center.

The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. China and the Developing World: Japanese brought items to "offer" to Korea and received in exchange "gifts" of higher value, since Korea was a greater land receiving supplicants.

Koreans viewed tribute trade as a "burden" and a favor extended to needy islanders; the significance was diplomatic not economic. East Asia Before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute.

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 8 October Retrieved 14 February War in the World: A Comparative History, — A Brief History of Korea.

Su-un and His World of Symbols: Archived from the original on 1 November Asia Times online ed. Chinese and Korean Labourers in the late s and early s ], et al.

Archived from the original on 16 December Archived from the original on 9 July Archived from the original on 26 September Retrieved 6 June Archived from the original on 13 October Statistics of North Korean Democide: A History of Korea.

American Bibliographic Center-Clio Press. Archived from the original on 20 July Korea, the result of xenophobic attitudes".

Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 30 June Musics of Many Cultures: An Introduction Ethno Musicology ed. Retrieved 10 July Archived from the original on 31 July International Religious Freedom Report.

Islam takes root and blooms". Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original on 16 March The Review of Korean Studies.

Memory of the World. University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved 20 September It was later suppressed throughout much of the subsequent history under the unified kingdom of Joseon — , which officially adopted a strict Korean Confucianism.

South Korea has a universal healthcare system. Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem and the country ranks poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state.

Life expectancy has been rising rapidly and South Korea ranked 11th in the world for life expectancy at South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than countries.

The country has also been a member of the United Nations since , when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Both North and South Korea claim complete sovereignty over the entire peninsula and outlying islands.

Political figures such as Kim Koo worked to reconcile the two governments even after the Korean War. Despite the Sunshine Policy and efforts at reconciliation, the progress was complicated by North Korean missile tests in , , , , and As of early [update] , relationships between North and South Korea were very tense; North Korea had been reported to have deployed missiles, [] ended its former agreements with South Korea, [] and threatened South Korea and the United States not to interfere with a satellite launch it had planned.

President Lee Myung-bak declared in May that Seoul would cut all trade with North Korea as part of measures primarily aimed at striking back at North Korea diplomatically and financially, except for the joint Kaesong Industrial Project, and humanitarian aid.

Despite the continuing ties, Kaesong industrial zone has seen a large decrease in investment and manpower as a result of this military conflict.

Historically, Korea had close relations with the dynasties in China, and some Korean kingdoms were members of the Imperial Chinese tributary system.

The two countries sought to improve bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year-old trade embargo, [] and South Korean—Chinese relations have improved steadily since The deployment of THAAD defence missiles by the United States military in South Korea in response to North Korean missile tests has been protested strongly by the Chinese government, concerned that the technologically advanced missile defence could be used more broadly against China.

Korea and Japan have had difficult relations since ancient times , but also significant cultural exchange, with Korea acting as the gateway between Asia and Japan.

There is heavy anti-Japanese sentiment in South Korea because of a number of unsettled Japanese-Korean disputes , many of which stem from the period of Japanese occupation after the Japanese annexation of Korea.

The Liancourt Rocks were the first Korean territories to be forcibly colonized by Japan in Although it was again returned to Korea along with the rest of its territory in with the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan does not recant on its claims that the Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory.

The free trade agreement was approved in September , and took effect on July 1, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade.

Upon the onset of the Korean War in , U. The United States participation was critical for preventing the near defeat of the Republic of Korea by northern forces, as well as fighting back for the territory gains that define the South Korean nation today.

Following the Armistice, South Korea and the U. There had also been strong anti-American sentiment during certain periods, which has largely moderated in the modern day.

The two nations also share a close economic relationship, with the U. On October 12, , the U. Congress passed the long-stalled trade agreement with South Korea.

The unresolved tension with North Korea have prompted South Korea to allocate 2. All South Korean males are constitutionally required to serve in the military, typically 21 months.

Previous exceptions for South Korean citizens of mixed race no longer apply since A sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including 1, self-propelled K55 and K9 Thunder howitzers and helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support.

From time to time, South Korea has sent its troops overseas to assist American forces. It has participated in most major conflicts that the United States has been involved in the past 50 years.

A further 1, were deployed since to reinforce UN peacekeeping forces in Lebanon. The United States has stationed a substantial contingent of troops to defend South Korea.

There are approximately 28, U. Military personnel stationed in Korea, [] most of them serving one year unaccompanied tours. There has been long term agreement between the United States and South Korea that South Korea should eventually assume the lead for its own defense.

This transition to a South Korean command has been slow and often postponed, although it is currently scheduled to occur in the early s.

Male citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together.

However, in a recent court ruling, conscientious objectors were permitted to reject military service. It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD.

Its massive investment in education has taken the country from mass illiteracy to a major international technological powerhouse. Furthermore, South Korea was one of the few developed countries that were able to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis.

The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in , at 3. The following list includes the largest South Korean companies by revenue in who are all listed as part of the Fortune Global South Korea has a technologically advanced transport network consisting of high-speed railways, highways, bus routes, ferry services, and air routes that crisscross the country.

Korea Expressway Corporation operates the toll highways and service amenities en route. Korail provides frequent train services to all major South Korean cities.

There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used. The national carrier, Korean Air served over 26,, passengers, including almost 19,, international passengers in Combined, South Korean airlines serve international routes.

Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally. It is also a member of the ITER project. South Korea is an emerging exporter of nuclear reactors , having concluded agreements with the UAE to build and maintain four advanced nuclear reactors, [] with Jordan for a research nuclear reactor, [] [] and with Argentina for construction and repair of heavy-water nuclear reactors.

South Korea is not allowed to enrich uranium or develop traditional uranium enrichment technology on its own, because of US political pressure, [] unlike most major nuclear powers such as Japan, Germany, and France, competitors of South Korea in the international nuclear market.

While South Korea is successful in exporting its electricity-generating nuclear technology and nuclear reactors, it cannot capitalize on the market for nuclear enrichment facilities and refineries , preventing it from further expanding its export niche.

South Korea has sought unique technologies such as pyroprocessing to circumvent these obstacles and seek a more advantageous competition.

South Korea ranked number 10 overall in the NRI ranking, up from 11 in In , 17 million foreign tourists visited South Korea [] [] With rising tourist prospects, especially from foreign countries outside of Asia, the South Korean government has set a target of attracting 20 million foreign tourists a year by South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.

The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.

According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.

The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.

In there was a total of 18,, insured individuals with only around , persons excluded from mandatory contribution. Eligibility for the national pension scheme is not dependent on income but on age and residence, where those between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered.

Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and contribute 4. Voluntarily insured persons are not subjected to mandatory coverage but can choose to be.

This category comprises retirees who voluntarily choose to have additional benefits, individuals under the age of 27 without income, and individuals whose spouses are covered under a public welfare system, whether military, governmental, or private school teacher pensions.

Voluntarily and continuously insured persons consists of individuals 60 years of age who want to fulfill the minimum insured period of 20 years to qualify for old age pension benefits.

Scientific and technological development in the South Korea at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the division of Korea and the Korean War that occurred right after its independence.

South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked first and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of , respectively.

South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in South Korea.

South Korea has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity.

Following cyberattacks in the first half of , whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed North Korea for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.

In late September , a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced.

South Korea has sent up 10 satellites from , all using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 in , and Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia.

Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February , with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy in , and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves [ which?

The rapid growth of the industry has resulted in significant voids in regulation of ethics, as was highlighted by the scientific misconduct case involving Hwang Woo-Suk.

South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor.

The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.

The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way modern Koreans live. Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.

A Euromonitor study found that South Koreans drink the most alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world. South Koreans drink Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.

Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the s and s, when South Korean artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects.

Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the s.

Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. Korean traditional architecture is characterized by its harmony with nature.

Ancient architects adopted the bracket system characterized by thatched roofs and heated floors called ondol. Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, preserved old houses called hanok , [] and special sites like Hahoe Folk Village , Yangdong Village of Gyeongju and Korean Folk Village.

Western architecture was first introduced to Korea at the end of the 19th century. Churches, offices for foreign legislation, schools and university buildings were built in new styles.

The anti-Japanese sentiment, and the Korean War, led to the destruction of most buildings constructed during that time.

Korean architecture entered a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, incorporating modern architectural trends and styles.

Stimulated by the economic growth in the s and s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design.

In the aftermath of the Seoul Olympics, South Korea has witnessed a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in large part, to the opening up of the market to foreign architects.

Ingredients and dishes vary by province. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day.

The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family. Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.

Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan.

Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal.

Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include Soju , Makgeolli and Bokbunja ju. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks. Metal chopsticks have been discovered in Goguryeo archaeological sites.

The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries across Asia making South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom.

Until the s, trot and traditional Korean folk based ballads dominated South Korean popular music. The emergence of the South Korean pop group Seo Taiji and Boys in marked a turning point for South Korean popular music, also known as K-pop , as the genre modernized itself from incorporating elements of popular musical genres from across the world such as Western popular music , experimental , jazz , gospel , Latin , classical , hip hop , rhythm and blues , electronic dance , reggae , country , folk , and rock on top of its uniquely traditional Korean music roots.

K-pop stars and groups are well known across Asia and have found international fame making millions of dollars in export revenue.

Many K-pop acts have also been able secure a strong overseas following following using online social media platforms such as the video sharing website YouTube.

South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song " Gangnam Style " topped global music charts in Since the success of the film Shiri in , the Korean film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally.

Domestic film has a dominant share of the market, partly because of the existence of screen quotas requiring cinemas to show Korean films at least 73 days a year.

South Korean television shows have become popular outside of Korea. South Korean television dramas, known as K-dramas have begun to find fame internationally.

The Lonely and Great God. There are many official public holidays in South Korea. Constitution Day is on July 17, and it celebrates the promulgation of Constitution of the Republic of Korea.

Every 15th day of the 8th lunar month, Koreans celebrate the Midautumn Festival , in which Koreans visit their ancestral hometowns and eat a variety of traditional Korean foods.

October 3 is National Foundation Day. Hangul Day, on October 9 commemorates the invention of hangul , the native alphabet of the Korean language.

The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea. In the s and s, modern rules were standardized, with taekwondo becoming an official Olympic sport in Football and baseball have traditionally been regarded as the most popular sports in Korea.

However, the polling did not indicate the extent to which respondents follow both sports. The Korea Republic national team as it is known has qualified for every World Cup since Mexico , and has broken out of the group stage twice: Baseball was first introduced to Korea in and has since become increasingly popular, with some sources claiming it has surpassed football as the most popular sport in the country.

The South Korea national team finished third in the World Baseball Classic and second in the tournament. Several Korean players have gone on to play in Major League Baseball.

Basketball is a popular sport in the country as well. Seoul hosted the and Asian Basketball Championship. The Korea national basketball team has won a record number of 23 medals at the event to date.

In , South Korea hosted the Summer Olympics in Seoul , coming fourth with 12 gold medals, 10 silver medals and 11 bronze medals.

South Korea regularly performs well in archery , shooting , table tennis , badminton , short track speed skating , handball , hockey , freestyle wrestling , Greco-Roman wrestling , baseball , judo , taekwondo , speed skating , figure Skating , and weightlifting.

South Korea has won more medals in the Winter Olympics than any other Asian country with a total of 45 medals 23 gold, 14 silver, and 8 bronze.

At the Winter Olympics , South Korea ranked fifth in the overall medal rankings. South Korea is especially strong in short track speed skating.

However, speed skating and figure skating are very popular, too, and ice hockey is an emerging sport with Anyang Halla winning their first ever Asia League Ice Hockey title in March Competitive video gaming , also called eSports sometimes written e-Sports , has become more popular South Korea in recent years, particularly among young people.

They can make a living out of their activity and top players can even make a significant amount of money with some high end Starcraft II players ending up making six figure salaries.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Korea. Not to be confused with Southerners Korean political faction. Republic in East Asia.

Balhae violet and Silla blue , circa CE. History of South Korea. Geography of South Korea. Climate of South Korea.

Environment of South Korea. Government of South Korea. Administrative divisions of South Korea. Korea Strait Busan Strait. Korea Strait Tsushima Strait.

Sea of Japan East Sea. Demographics of South Korea. Education in South Korea. Korean language and Korean dialects.

Religion in South Korea. Health in South Korea. Foreign relations of South Korea. North Korea—South Korea relations. History of Japan—Korea relations and Japan—Korea disputes.

South Korea—European Union relations. South Korea—United States relations. Republic of Korea Armed Forces.

Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Economy of South Korea. The Daegu Metro Line 3 monorail.

Tourism in South Korea. History of science and technology in Korea. List of Korean inventions and discoveries. Korea Aerospace Research Institute.

Culture of South Korea. Architecture of South Korea. Public holidays in South Korea. Sport in South Korea. Korea portal Asia portal. Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences: Archived from the original PDF on September 25, Retrieved January 16, Retrieved July 26, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved May 20, Korean Statistical Information Service.

Retrieved September 9, World Economic Outlook Database, October Korea National Statistical Office. Retrieved June 30, United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 14 September The History of the World. Retrieved July 15, From the seventh to the sixteenth century. Retrieved November 8, Retrieved November 19, Rediscovering Russia in Asia: Siberia and the Russian Far East:

List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea. This section needs additional citations for verification. Geography portal Asia portal South Korea portal.

Archived from the original on 28 September Pusan and Inchon Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved December 8, Retrieved 8 December Archived from the original PDF on 7 December Archived from the original on 14 October Archived from the original on 29 January Incheon International Airport] in Korean.

Incheon Daily News in Korean. Archived from the original on 8 August Archived from the original on 14 November Archived from the original on 19 April Official website of the City of Incheon.

Retrieved 31 December Archived from the original on 25 February Kobe Trade Information Office. Archived from the original on Retrieved 30 August Articles Related to Incheon.

Metropolitan city of Incheon. Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea. Cities in South Korea. Host cities of Asian Games. Jakarta - Palembang Astana - Almaty Seoul capital Busan Incheon Daegu.

Retrieved from " https: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 uses Korean-language script ko CS1 Korean-language sources ko Wikipedia articles with style issues from August All articles with style issues Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with multiple maintenance issues Use dmy dates from February Articles with short description Articles containing Korean-language text Coordinates on Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Articles needing additional references from February Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers Wikipedia articles with NARA identifiers Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers Wikipedia articles with NKC identifiers.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. This page was last edited on 13 January , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Map of municipal districts. Seoul National Capital Area. Korea Meteorological Administration [15] [16] [17] percent sunshine and snowy days [18].

Korea ist hier auf Importe angewiesen. Der Bau des Endlagers Wolsong begann im Juli ; es soll bis zu Etwa zwei Drittel des verbrauchten Stroms wurde um in Kohlekraftwerken produziert.

Das Land liegt in Hinblick auf den Energieverbrauch pro Kopf weltweit auf dem Die Anzahl der arbeitslosen Frauen betrage etwa Die Exporte haben sich seit den er Jahren rasant entwickelt.

Danach folgen Hongkong , Vietnam und Japan. US-Dollar, die Importe lagen bei Milliarden. In den letzten Jahrzehnten wurde, dank gezielter Investitionen, ein hochmodernes und dichtes Netz an Verkehr- und Transportinfrastruktur errichtet.

Die Gyeongbu-Linie von Seoul nach Busan wurde am 1. Beim Schienenpersonenverkehr gibt es vier Kategorien. Bis Cheonan laufen beide Strecken gemeinsam.

Viele Linien machen mehrere Zwischenhalte, andere fahren Nonstop zum Zielort. Etwas teurer sind die Express-Busse, die das nationale Autobahnnetz — meist mit eigener Busspur — nutzen.

Mit dem wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung des Landes hat der Automobilverkehr einen dramatischen Anstieg erfahren. So stieg die Anzahl der registrierten Fahrzeuge zwischen und von Noch deutlicher ist die Steigerung, wenn man nur die Klasse der Personenwagen betrachtet.

Deren Zahl stieg von In Deutschland waren es im selben Jahr 4,3 Tote. Insgesamt kamen damit 5. Das Land hat eine im weltweiten Vergleich hohe Motorisierungsrate.

Ebenfalls in China liegt Lianyungang , das von Mokpo angefahren wird. Die Vorschulausbildung hat in den letzten Jahren an Bedeutung gewonnen. Gab es im Jahre landesweit nur Vorschulen, so stieg deren Zahl bis auf 8.

Die bekannteste staatliche ist die Seoul National University , von den privaten sind die Yonsei University und die Korea University hoch angesehen.

Aufgrund dessen wurde er zum Tode verurteilt. Die Autorengeneration nach wird auch als Hangeul-Generation bezeichnet, da diese nicht mehr in der japanischen Sprache schrieben.

Dabei ist auch Globalisierungskritik und Fortschrittsskeptik zu erkennen. Von ihren Werken wurden einige erfolgreich verfilmt. Westliche Musik erreichte Korea gegen Ende des Jahrhunderts in Form christlicher Hymnen der Missionare.

Somit nahm diese Musik eine feste Stellung in Korea ein. Pro-Japan-orientierte Musiker, unter anderem Hong Nan-pa jap. Morikawa Jun, — und Hyeon Che-myeong jap.

Kuroyama , stellten daraufhin Leitfiguren der koreanischen Musikszene dar. Jahrhundert erscheint der Dissens weitgehend beigelegt. Das Starium von CGV.

Online-Spiele und das traditionelle Brettspiel Baduk japanisch: Brood War in den er Jahren hatte. Die Hankyoreh ist eine politisch eher linksgerichtete Zeitung.

Transnationale Umweltverschmutzung in Ostasien. Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism , abgerufen am Ministry of the Interior , Oktober , archiviert vom Original am 3.

University of East Anglia , ehemals im Original ; abgerufen am Der Link wurde automatisch als defekt markiert.

Korean Metrological Administration , abgerufen am Oktober , abgerufen am Archiviert vom Original am August ; abgerufen am Dezember , abgerufen am September , abgerufen am Korean Statistical Information Service.

Koreanisches Justizministerium, abgerufen am UN, abgerufen am September PDF, englisch. OECD, ehemals im Original ; abgerufen am Factbox — Chronology of South Korean celebrity suicides.

Juli , abgerufen am August , abgerufen am Juni , abgerufen am South Korea surrenders to creationist demands.

The Korea Times , Wo Nordkoreaner im Eiltempo integriert werden. August , abgerufen am 6. Ministry of Unification, abgerufen am Mai , ehemals im Original ; abgerufen am 2.

Die Zeit , September , abgerufen am 2. Vereinte Nationen, abgerufen am Kim und Roh einig. Deutsche Welle , Januar abgerufen am 9.

Kim Jong Uns geschickter Schachzug. Januar , abgerufen am Key arguments against use of the death penalty. Amnesty International , Juni , archiviert vom Original am Februar ; abgerufen am Death penalty abolition — historic opportunity.

April , archiviert vom Original am Mail Archive , abgerufen am Amnesty International — Sektion der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, abgerufen am Mai , archiviert vom Original am Mai ; abgerufen am Der Spiegel , Mai , abgerufen am Hamburger Abendblatt , BBC News , November , abgerufen am It was absorbed into the kingdom of Silla no later than the fifth century.

The vestiges of the wall can be seen, and relics have been excavated in the current Dalseong Park. In the late s, archaeologists excavated a large-scale fortified Silla site in Dongcheon-dong, Buk-gu.

The excavators hypothesize that the fortified site was a permanent military encampment or barracks. Archaeologists also uncovered a large Silla village dating to the sixth to seventh centuries AD at Siji-dong.

In this battle, the forces of Goryeo were crushed and Wang Geon himself was saved only by the heroic deed of his general Shin Sung-gyeom. However, the atrocities of the Hubaekje forces at this time apparently changed local sympathizers to favor Wang Geon, who later became the king of Goryeo.

Numerous place names and local legends in the area still bear witness to the historic battle of Among these are " Ansim ", which literally means "peace of mind", said to be the first place where Wang Geon dared to stop after escaping the battle, and " Banwol ", or half-moon, where he is said to have stopped and admired the moon before returning to Goryeo.

A statue commemorating the battle now stands in northern Daegu, as does a memorial to Sin Sunggyeom. In the Goryeo period, the first edition of the Tripitaka Koreana was stored in Daegu, at the temple of Buinsa.

Daegu served as an important transportation center during the Joseon Dynasty. It lay at the junction of this arterial road and the roads to Gyeongju and Jinju.

In , Daegu became the administrative capital of the Gyeongsang-do , which is current Daegu, Busan , Ulsan , Gyeongsangbuk-do , and Gyeongsangnam-do.

At about that time, the city began to grow into a major city. The status continued for nearly years, and the city has been transformed as the capital of Gyeongsangbuk-do since Gyeongsang-do was divided into two provinces, Gyeongsangbuk-do northern Gyeongsang-province and Gyeongsangnam-do southern one in The most famous of these is the Yangnyeongsi herbal medicine market.

This became a center of herbal trade in Joseon, and even attracted buyers from neighboring countries. Traders from Japan, who were not permitted to leave the Nakdong River valley, hired messengers to visit the market on their behalf.

The Korean hermit kingdom finally opened itself to the outside world in the late 19th century. Beginning in the late s, increasing numbers of foreign merchants and workers started to visit Daegu, which emerged as a modern transportation center of the newly constructed Gyeongbu Line main railroad connecting Seoul and Busan.

In , the old fortress wall was forcibly destroyed. The wall still survives only in the street names such as the streets Dongseongno and Bukseongno , "east fortress street" and "north fortress street", which now run where the wall once stood.

Independence movements against imperial aggressions were outstanding in Daegu. These began as early as , when a branch of the Independence Club was opened in the town.

The movement spread nationwide, although it fell short of repaying the national debt through individual donations.

Freedom fighting continued after the annexation, notably during the March 1st movement of At that time, four major demonstrations took place in Daegu, involving an estimated 23, peace-loving citizens.

In , the Daegu October Incident took place, one of the most serious social disorders since the foundation of the Republic of Korea. Daegu and all of North Gyeongsang province had heavy guerrilla activities in the late s, as thousands of refugees shied away from the fighting in Jeolla province and sought shelters in Daegu.

During the Korean War , heavy fighting occurred nearby along the Nakdong River. Daegu sat inside the Pusan Perimeter , however, so remained in South Korean hands throughout the war.

As in many other areas during the Korean War, political killings of dissenters were widespread. A large series of engagements was fought around the city to prevent North Korean troops from crossing the Nakdong, the Battle of Taegu.

In the second half of the 20th century, the city underwent explosive growth, and the population has increased more than tenfold since the end of the Korean War.

The city was politically favored during the year-long rule of Park Chung-hee , when it and the surrounding area served as his political base.

Daegu champions conservative political ideas and movements today and is a political base for the Saenuri Party.

In the s, Daegu separated from Gyeongsangbuk-do and became a separately administered provincial-level directly governed city Jikhalsi , and was redesignated as a metropolitan city Gwangyeoksi in Today, Daegu is the third-largest metropolitan area in Korea with respect to both population and commerce.

The provincial government will be relocated to Andong in its proper province, Gyeongbuk. The city council has 29 members which consist of 26 from the same number of electoral districts and three proportional representations.

They are also directly elected every four years. Most of them are the members of the Liberty Korea Party , the main conservative political party in South Korea.

Daegu is a stronghold for the party and has produced two Presidents of the Republic of Korea thus far: Roh Tae-woo and Park Geun-hye. As the capital of the Korean conservatives, the city has wielded strong political influence in elections.

Daegu sits in a basin surrounded by low mountains. Palgongsan to the north, Biseulsan to the south, Waryongsan to the west, and a series of smaller hills in the east.

The Geumho River flows along the northern and eastern edges of the city, emptying in the Nakdong River west of the city.

Similarly, in winter, cold air lies in the basin. The area receives little precipitation except during the rainy season of summer, and is sunny throughout much of the year.

Data gathered since indicates that the mean temperature for January, the coldest month in Daegu, is 0. Daegu is a manufacturing industry city.

The major industries are textiles , metals and machinery. The GDP per capita though is well below Korea national average. Numerous factories are located in the industrial complexes situated in the west and north sides of the city including the Seongseo Industrial Complex, West Daegu Industrial Complex and the Daegu Dyeing Industrial Complex.

The city is the economic and industrial core of the Daegu-Gyeongbuk region, one of the major industrial areas in Korea. Daegu and its neighbouring cities were designated for the Daegu-Gyeongbuk Free Economic Zone by the central government in It is specialized companies like Winitech software company in knowledge-based service and manufacturing industries.

Historically, Daegu has been the commercial center of the southern part of the Korean Peninsula with Seoul in the center and Pyongyang in the north currently North Korea , because of its advantageous location.

Some of the large, traditional markets like Seomun Market are still flourishing in the city. Additionally, Daegu was considered the third major economic city in Korea, after Seoul and Busan.

Also, the city is the warmest region in South Korea due to the humid subtropical climate. This climate condition provides the region with high quality apples and oriental melons.

The fruit industry is a crucial support for the local economy. The city opens many exhibitions related to the fashion and textile industries including the Daegu Fashion Fair [ permanent dead link ] and Preview in Daegu annually or semi-annually, and invites national institutes.

A large new town specializing in the textile-fashion industries is currently under construction in Bongmu-dong, northeastern Daegu.

The district, officially named Esiapolis, takes aim at the fashion hub of East Asia. Textile complexes, textile-fashion institutions, an international school, fashion malls as well as residential areas plan to be developed in the district.

Generally Daegu is known as a conservative city. As well as being the largest inland city in the country beside Seoul it has become one of the major metropolitan areas in the nation.

Traditionally, Buddhism has been strong; today there are still many temples.

Author: Mezigore

1 thoughts on “Südkorea wikipedia

  1. Ich denke, dass Sie nicht recht sind. Ich biete es an, zu besprechen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden umgehen.

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *